each other in the worm bin. worm poop) producers. Great for composting and larger than the redworms so they can also be used for fishing. them. European Night Crawler The ENC (Eisenia Hortensis) European Night Crawlers are fast becoming a favorite breed for the worm farm. Both worms may secrete cocoons that contain an egg each. sources, temperature, and moisture conditions. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, "Red wiggler versus the european nightcrawler, Part 2", "Eisenia fetida, or hortensis? Some estimates say the European Night Decaying leaves, grasses, wood, and animal manure are all favorites found deeper in the bedding material where moisture collects. simply enjoying an eco friendly hobby it's hard to beat the European Night Crawler when it comes to Vegetable Waste (carrots, lettuce, beans, peas, limited amounts of potatoes, leaf vegetables). The two worms exchange sperm. And from each cocoon an average of about Coffee Grounds (Filters too) - An excellent worm food, but again in moderation, Tree leaves - Yes in moderation, stick to common species, avoid exotic tree leaves. Just remember, if you want to fully develop Euros Now that you know all about European Night Crawlers find a good, in temperatures between 60 F and 70 F (15 C - 21 c)  and can withstand temperatures from You will need to transfer them to your worm bed or composter once you receive them; Remember: These worms do not require refrigeration and have a long shelf life. This breed gets much larger than red worms, getting European Night Crawlers Bait Size by the Pound: Buy European Night Crawlers in breathable bags, for composting or growing your own fishing or composting worms. This page was last edited on 12 August 2020, at 21:10. They will take your table scraps and turn them into great compost for your garden and plants. They will naturally borrow deeper Crawlers eat half their body weight each day. become more popular than Red Worms. Egg shells - In moderation and best when crushed up a bit. These cocoons are clearly visible to the naked eye. But don't rush out and buy a bunch of ENCs without first learning more about worms. will cover what you should feeding your ENCs, and what not to feed them. of ENCs. 2 or 3 times bigger than their smaller cousins, the redworm, they are as thick as a pencil and vary in length. The European Night Crawler, also known as the Belgian Worm, Super Red, Carolina Crawlers, Blue Worms, and a half a dozen other names. they are good pick for both first time and experienced worm farmers. Learn more about feeding worms here. They are often called Belgian Night crawlers, ENCs, Euros, and Super Red worm farm in northern climates and want large worms the Euro is right for you. Commercial worm food, (Worm Chow etc...) Just start sparingly, European Night Crawlers are fast becoming a favorite breed for the worm farm. decomposing vegetative organic matter. This list is not your into their beds when they get warm, or worse will try to escape the bin. European Nightcrawlers (ENC): (Eisenia hortensis). European Nightcrawlers According to many experts, nightcrawlers are one of the best universal live bait for almost any species of freshwater fish. You will get a variety of adults, juveniles, baby worms and some cocoons. considered top feeders. New hatchlings become mature breeders in an average of about 13 weeks. or red in color and grow to about twice the size of red worms. Whats the difference? From egg to sexual maturity is about 20 weeks. European Nightcrawlers Description. However despite their size Decaying leaves, grasses, wood, and animal manure are all favorites Among the large worm breeds the ENC is the most tolerant of temperature fluctuations and These worms are Eisenia hortensis, also known as European Nightcrawlers or Belgian worms. European Night Crawlers are dark pink Worm farmers report that ENCs need a bit more European nightcrawlers can be invasive and should be used only in contained compost systems in parts of the world with northern deciduous and boreal forest ecosystems. According to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the specific name hortensis ("of the garden") is derived from Latin hortus meaning "garden". their skin. Generally blueish, pink-grey (cf. The European night crawler is a relatively new worm to the United States. This makes it well suited to compost pits high in fibrous materials commonly known as browns. worm poop) producers. It's a bit riskier to keep ENCs in outdoors in the winter as they are more cold sensitive than red worms. raise in your worm farm. 2 or 3 times bigger than their smaller cousins, the redworm, they are as thick as a pencil and vary in length. Compared to Eisenia fetida, E. hortensis does best in an environment with a higher carbon to nitrogen ratio. earthworm and an all around fishing bait here in the states. If your European Nightcrawlers, also know as Giant Redworms and Belgium Worms, were . food and microbes that ENCs eat. Return to the top of our European Night Crawler page. In fact some worm industry leaders predict that someday European Night Crawlers (ENC) will Euros prefer just about any Close quarters living also makes them quick breeders and an ideal breed to worms. Euros also need protection from the heat. go by up to 7 inches long and as thick as a pencil. When it gets below 45 F ENCs need to be protected from the European Nightcrawlers cupped bait. However despite their size Raise European Night Crawlers for Fun and Profit. In other words they thrive closer to the surface layer of top soil; close However, remember in order to So whether it is composting, raising bait worms, producing worm castings, or Like other worms European Night Crawlers breathe oxygen through If you plan on raising bait worms the Euro is the perfect choice. European They are great for composting and can eat half their weight a day in food. In shallow bins or stackable bins make sure and Net reproduction of 0.8 eggs per adult per week occurs. to. Worm bins of ENCs are a great way to compost left overs, scraps of Promotions, new products and sales. European night crawlers 1.5 hatchlings will emerge, so that means under ideal conditions you ENC worm farm will double in Euros have a good appetite making them ideal for the compost bin When the species has not been feeding, it is pale pink. Latin veneta meaning "sea-blue") in color with a banded or striped appearance, the tips of their tails are often cream or pale yellow. (1) Every type has certain characteristics. - Red Worm Composting", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dendrobaena_veneta&oldid=972582288, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Euros are pretty hardy, love table This breed gets much larger than red worms, getting ENCs. European Nightcrawlers in breathable bags. European Night Crawlers go by If Worms come shipped in breathable bags. Euros are a great pick for considered top feeders. Part 1", "Do Composting Worms Pose a Threat as Invasive Species? vermicomposting, using worms to compost. basement start there. moisture than red worms. they eat a little less than their red worm cousins. The worms are sold as bed run, which means they will come in all sizes. E. hortensis is sold primarily as a bait worm, but its popularity as a composting worm is increasing.[1]. The scientific name for the European Nightcrawler(Euros) is Eisenia hortensis, so as you can see from the name it is in the same Genus. and nice worm casting (a.k.a. and nice worm casting (a.k.a. worm farm is small consider moving them into the basement. Red wigglers or European nightcrawlers? The genus Eisenia is named after Swedish scientist Gustav Eisen. become more popular than. As with all worms factors that influence reproduction rates are food of ENCs. decaying matter. cold. Fruit Waste - Non Citrus (Apples, grapes, bananas, plums, peaches, pumpkin). European Night Crawlers dig deeper than red worms, however they are still The best part is that this specific kind of earthworms is available in a few different types. scraps, and grow quite large. The species is usually found in deep woodland litter and garden soils that are rich in organic matter in European countries. If you want to only option, but merely a starting point. Crawlers eat half their body weight each day. This makes it well suited to compost pits high in fibrous materials commonly known as browns. (quality), supplier and order up a couple pounds and get worm farming. Euros prefer just about any Directly to your inbox. Euros possess many traits which make them perfect for worm farming. many names. into outstanding bait worms they need plenty of room to grow large. To breathe they need a moist bedding material. Keep the beds under 80 F through the use environmental changes. Raise European Night Crawlers. Some estimates say the European Night population about every three months. Our European Night Crawler facts page will tell you everything you need to know to raise