Rome - the capital of Italy, is at the top of list of European tourist attractions. Volcanic eruptions are not rare, and the area is prone to earthquakes and tsunamis because of this. Papua New Guinea has several volcanoes, as it is situated along the Pacific Ring of Fire. They migrated from Africa to Asia around 70,000 years ago[41] and arrived in Australia at least 50,000 years ago, based on archaeological evidence. [67] The Commonwealth of Australia came into being when the Federal Constitution was proclaimed by the Governor-General, Lord Hopetoun, on 1 January 1901. With 18 meters tall sculptured heads of 4 US presidents, Mount Rushmore is a must visit place. The main reason why students from all over the world are looking towards Australia is that it provides botha good standard of education as well as good quality of living.

The Australian continent is known for its enormous natural beauty which comes from a diverse landscape.

The only continent that is its own country, Australia is also the smallest: 3 million square miles (7.7 million square kilometers). It is the world's smallest continent whose total area is 7,682,300 square kilometers. Most famous Indian sweets are Laddu, Jalebi and Halwa. Bird life also flourished – in particular, the songbirds (order Passeriformes, suborder Passeri) are thought to have evolved 50 million years ago in the part of Gondwana that later became Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and Antarctica, before radiating into a great number of different forms and then spreading around the globe.[86]. The continent of Australia consists of the land masses which sit on Australia's continental plate.

Reverence for the land and oral traditions are emphasized. Canada is the largest country of NA by area (9,984,670 km. The continent includes a continental shelf overlain by shallow seas which divide it into several landmasses—the Arafura Sea and Torres Strait between mainland Australia and New Guinea, and Bass Strait between mainland Australia and Tasmania. ", "Geographic Distribution of the Population", World Economic Outlook Database-April 2015, "Australia: World Audit Democracy Profile", "Main Features – Cultural Diversity Article", "Early human settlement of Sahul was not an accident", "The epic ocean journey that took Stone Age people to Australia", "An Aboriginal Australian Genome Reveals Separate Human Dispersals into Asia", "Sequencing Uncovers a 9,000 Mile Walkabout", "Majapahit Overseas Empire, Digital Atlas of Indonesian History", "Early humans lived in PNG highlands 50,000 years ago", "The Armchair Discovery of the Unknown Southern Continent: Gerardus Mercator, Philosophical Pretensions and a Competitive Trade", "Cook's Journal: Daily Entries, 22 April 1770", http://southseas.nla.gov.au/journals/cook/17700429.html, "Bombing of Darwin: 70 years on – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "Wartime Issue 23 – New Guinea Offensive | Australian War Memorial", "Australia Burning: Fire Ecology, Policy and Management Issues", WWF: Bird wonders of New Guinea's western-most province, Christianity in its Global Context, 1970–2020 Society, Religion, and Mission, "Main Features – Cultural Diversity in Australia", "Papua New Guinea's incredible linguistic diversity", "Census 2016: Migrants make a cosmopolitan country", http://www.oecd.org/gov/regional-policy/50242959.pdf, Field listing – GDP (official exchange rate), "Statement on Monetary Policy (November 2013)", "Tourism Satellite Account 2014–15:Key Figures", "2014 Quality of Living Worldwide City Rankings – Mercer Survey", http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/italian/en/article/2016/08/30/happy-birthday-melbourne-181-and-still-kicking}, The Global Financial Centres Index 14 (September 2013), 2012 Global Cities Index and Emerging Cities Outlook, World Economic Outlook Database, October 2015, "Raising the profile of PNG in Australia", Asian Development Outlook 2015: Financing Asia’s Future Growth, "Yolngu are People 2: They're not Clip Art", http://australianmuseum.net.au/A-short-history-of-the-Australian-Museum, "Where to party in Australia on New Year's Eve", "Aboriginal Heritage walk: Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park", List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Australia_(continent)&oldid=981144469, Articles with dead external links from November 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, While much of the rest of the world underwent significant cooling and thus loss of species diversity, Australia–New Guinea was drifting north at such a pace that the overall global cooling effect was roughly equalled by its gradual movement toward the.

Phillip described Sydney Cove as being "without exception the finest harbour in the world". Situated in the geographical region of Oceania, Australia is the smallest continent in land area. [141] Examples of ancient Aboriginal rock artworks can be found throughout the continent – notably in national parks such as those of the UNESCO listed sites at Uluru and Kakadu National Park in the Northern Territory, but also within protected parks in urban areas such as at Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park in Sydney. The continent of Australia is sometimes known by the names Sahul, Australinea, or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, and consists of the landmasses which sit on Australia's continental plate. Blue Lake is 1,087 meters long with a breadth of 657 meters at its widest point. The Pyramid of Khufu is the largest pyramid. When sea levels were lower during the Pleistocene ice age, including the Last Glacial Maximum about 18,000 BC, they were connected by dry land. Australia is a highly diverse continent. Even today, pockets of remnant vegetation remain in the cool uplands, some species not much changed from the Gondwanan forms of 60 or 90 million years ago. [73] Australia fought on the side of Britain in the two world wars and became a long-standing ally of the United States when threatened by Imperial Japan during World War II. Other Olympic sports are also gaining popularity, such as boxing and weightlifting. [118][119] Papua New Guinea is classified as a developing economy by the International Monetary Fund. There were three main reasons for the enormous diversity that developed in animal, fungal and plant life. Tok Pisin is an English creole language spoken in Papua New Guinea. Discussed below are seven of the most popular of these water bodies. The theory of balancing land has been documented as early as the 5th century on maps by Macrobius, who uses the term Australis on his maps.

Australia has become the new business hub. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. [100][101][102], Australia is the only first world country in the Australian-New Guinea continent, although the economy of Australia is by far the largest and most dominant economy in the region and one of the largest in the world. Soccer is one of the all-time favorite games of this region. [43], They are believed to be among the earliest human migrations out of Africa. Daintree National Park houses one of the oldest ecosystems of the planet. There are 14 independent countries and 12 dependent overseas territories. With at least one main campus in each state, the country is pulling a lot of international students each year.

[33][34] Australia also has the world's 9th largest immigrant population.