The 19th-century industrial revolution saw the growth of the city into one of the most important economic, political, residential, and transport centers. The complete texts of the following tax treaty documents are available in Adobe PDF format. The coldest months are January and February with an average of -0.6 and -0.3 degrees. In terms of visitors to the city tourism, Berlin is at the front. Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany. Berlin remained the capital of the united Germany until 1945.

They feared that since Frankfurt was a major city in its own right, it would ultimately be accepted as a permanent capital and weaken West German support for reunification. There are also many art galleries and theaters in the city. In 1991, after an emotional debate, the Bundestag voted to move the seat of government to Berlin by 1999. Berlin is also home to some of the best nightclubs in the world. The city lies at the heart of the North German Plain, athwart an east-west commercial and geographic axis that helped make it the capital of the kingdom of Prussia and then, from 1871, of a unified Germany. West Germany moved the capital to Bonn, whereas East Germany retained Berlin as the Capital. From 1961 to 1990, the city divided into two, East and West Berlin, was named after the wall that divides itself into two. Brandenburg, the only neighbor surrounds the state of Berlin. At the country level, Germany’s land territory extends over 134,580 square miles (348,560 square kilometers). Berlin, capital and chief urban centre of Germany. The area of the city is 892 km². About 95% of the people living in Berlin are of German origin. After the division of Germany into East and West Germany, Berlin was also divided into East and West Berlin. For this reason, the capital was located in the smaller university city of Bonn as a more obviously provisional solution. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on August 1 2017 in World Facts. 30, 1970 ), Wolfgang Kohlhaase, screenwriter & director (born Mar. Berlin is the official capital city of Germany as well as the seat of the president. However, West German authorities intended to make Berlin the capital if Germany were ever reunified. Berlin is also home to the 26-meter Brandenburg Gate, which is a breathtaking landmark built as a tribute to King Frederick Wilhelm II in 1788.

After World War I, Berlin was in control of the United States, the United Kingdom, France and the USSR, just as the city was in all four sectors and all over Germany. In 1990, with the reunification of Germany, Berlin was also reunified and became the capital of the enlarged Federal Republic of Germany. Germany's sovereignty was restored in 1949, but the country was split into West Germany, and East Germany. The Nebra sky disk, created during the European Bronze Age, is attributed to a German site. Unlike maritime climates, a continental climate has significant temperature differences between seasons. The Bundesrat ("federal council") is the representation of the Federal States (Bundesländer) of Germany and has its seat at the former Prussian Herrenhaus (House of Lords). Similarly dated evidence of modern humans has been found in the Swabian Jura, including 42,000-year-old flutes which are the oldest musical instruments ever found, the 40,000-year-old Lion Man, and the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels. Originally, Frankfurt was to be the provisional capital of West Germany. German tribes such as Semnones and Burgundians built villages in modern day Berlin from around 500BC. There are many museums in the city. Germany's sovereignty was restored in 1949, but the country was split into West Germany, and East Germany. 13, 1931 ), Peter Welz, contemporary artist (born Dec. 1, 1972), Klaus Wowereit, former mayor of Berlin (born Oct. 1, 1953), Nastassja Kinski, actress & model (born Jan. 24, 1961), Max Kepler, professional baseball player (born Feb. 10, 1993). The western countries are rapidly developing political differences between the Soviet Union and the eastern and western parts of the city. The Polish border is only 70 km away.

Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Hasso Plattner, co-founder SAP SE software (born Jan. 21, 1944), Nadja Auermann, supermodel (born Mar. What is the Capital of Germany? 19, 1971), Jérôme Boateng, professional football/soccer player (born Sep. 3, 1988 ), Michael Ballhaus, cinematographer (born Aug. 5, 1935 ), Audra McDonald, actress & singer (born Jul. Its major import partners are the Netherlands, France, and China. Although Berlin was a flashpoint between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War, the city declined in national and international significance until 1989–90, when a popular and peaceful uprising toppled the East German government and soon after restored a united Berlin as the capital of a reunified Germany. It is also a state-city.

In the Second World War, it was ruined and occupied by allied states. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF). Stuttgart Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg. Following the war, the nation saw a period of Allied occupation as Europe began to rebuild. East Germany claimed East Berlin as its capital, even though Berlin as a whole was still legally occupied territory, and would remain so for 45 years.

In 1949, with sovereignty regained the country split up into West Germany and East Germany. Not far from the Gate precisely one block away, is the Holocaust Memorial, a touching reminder of the Nazi-planned extermination of the Jewish population. Only the number of daily tourists is over 100 thousand per year. The growth continued into the 20th century with new inventions in arts such as architecture, painting, and theater. East Germany selected East Berlin as its capital. Berlin remained the capital of Germany until 1945 and the end of World War II. However, for a period of a few months following the First World War, the national assembly met in Weimar because civil war was ravaging Berlin. After the Congress of Vienna created the formal German Confederation in 1815, a Federal Assembly convened at the Free City of Frankfurt, representing not the people of the individual German Lands but their sovereigns. Archaeological evidence shows signs of human habitation as early as the 9th millennium BC. There was some debate, however, on whether the seat of government should move to Berlin. Population density is more concentrated within Germany’s capital averaging 10,352 Berliners/Berlinerins per square mile (3,997 per square kilometer). Berlin is located in northern Germany, the sandy region between the Spree and Havel rivers. Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany and home to one of the world's largest transshipment ports. However, in the course of Prussian empowerment, it first became one of the most important political, economic and cultural centers of Northern Germany and later of Europe. The average annual temperature in the city is 8.9 degrees. At the beginning of the places to see; Brandenburg Gate, Kollwitzplatz, Pergamon Museum, Checkpoint Charlie. Berlin serves as the seat for several religious organizations including the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Berlin and the Cathedral of St. Boris. Berlin was first assigned the official capital city status in 1871, after the unification of the former kingdoms into the new German Empire. Today, the Gate stands as the symbol of German reunification. Learn how and when to remove this template message, New York Times article about Bonn and Berlin federal administration, Official website of the Parliament of Germany),, Articles lacking in-text citations from July 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 September 2020, at 23:35. It is not only a political but also a cultural capital of Germany. This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2017, German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Polish, Italian, Romanian, Syrian, and Greek), Roman Catholic 29%, Protestant 27%, Muslim 4.4%, Orthodox Christian 1.9%, other 1.7%, none or members of unrecorded religious groups 36% (2015 est. After the capture of Berlin in 1945, Flensburg briefly served as capital. In 1949, the country was split into West Germany, formed from the American, British, and French occupation zones, and East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.

Berlin’s location at the intersection of early trade routes made it one of the most important commercial centers of the time. As you will no doubt know Germany was the leading country in the events of World War II. Albert the Bear, the Margraviate of Brandenburg, founded Berlin in around 1157.

During the 20th century, Berlin played a key role in the politics of Germany. Prior to 1871, Germany was not a unified nation state, and had no capital city. Berlin was one of the leading cities in science, technology, film, arts, and humanities as well as higher education during the 20th century. The last imperial ruling house (the Habsburgs) had Vienna as its permanent seat of government. Archaeological evidence shows signs of human habitation as early as the 9th millennium BC. Its main exports are motor vehicles, machinery, and chemicals. The capital of Germany is the city state of Berlin. The medieval German Holy Roman Empire, used to have Aachen as its preferred seat of government during Charlemagne's reign, and until 1531 it was the place where 31 Holy Roman Emperors were crowned Kings of the Germans. However, after Charlemagne, none of the subsequent Holy Roman Emperors moved to Aachen or Frankfurt, instead retaining their own original constituent kingdom or principality as base or moving into temporary Royal palaces dotted around the confederate realm known as Kaiserpfalz. Berlin's climate is classified as temperate continental. German tribes such as Semnones and Burgundians built villages in modern day Berlin from around 500BC. People of Slavic origin settled in Berlin during the 6th century and are credited as the originators of the name “Berlin.” German merchants occupied Berlin during the 12th century when the town was slowly growing into an important city. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It was only during the 1871 Unification of Germany that the newly unified German Empire was first assigned an official capital.

Despite being infamous for the Berlin Wall of the late 20th century, Berlin is one of the most frequented cities in the European Union, attracting millions of visitors annually. Its major imports include machinery, data processing equipment, vehicles, and chemicals. After its establishment and the growth of the Prussian Empire, Berlin played an important political role as the capital of Prussia. Berlin, which was founded in 1871 as the capital of the German Empire, was also the capital of Nazi Germany since 1933. Albert the Bear, the Margraviate of Brandenburg, founded Berlin in around 1157. From 1961 to 1990, the city divided into two, East and West Berlin, was named after the wall that divides itself into two. The ministries and the Bundesrat are also located within the city.