(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Aborigines from Bathurst Island (1939), one of the Tiwi Islands in the Northern Territory.

During the 17th century and 18th century European explorers reached Australia. The largest city was Melbourne with a population of about 420,000. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Australia. When they reached Menindee in October 1860 Burke split the expedition. William Bligh, the famous captain of the Bounty, was made governor in 1806. However in the 1890s Australia suffered a recession, which was compounded by drought in the late 1890s. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Australia's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. 11 Australian writers have won overall Commonwealth Writers’ Prizes, 8 for Best Book and 3 for Best First Book.

However in 1929 the depression hit Australia. Getting rid of undesirable members of society may not have been the sole motive for founding a colony in Australia.

He took 3 men with him, William Wills, Charles Gray, and John King.

Meanwhile in September 1942 Australians fought in New Guinea and pushed back the Japanese army.

The University of Tasmania was founded in 1890. Although the first railways in Australia were built in the early 1850s there were still only about 1,600 miles of railway in 1875.

After 1815 thousands of new settlers arrived in Australia every year fleeing poverty in Britain. For one thing, inflation rose. The Commonwealth Secretariat is uniquely placed to assist member countries in sharing good practice and harnessing the role of governments and individuals to prevent terrorism through early prevention and increased resilience. However, on 26 January 1808, a group of soldiers led by Major George Johnston arrested Bligh. Eventually a preacher named George Robinson agreed to try and persuade the remaining indigenous people to go to a reservation on Flinders Island. Each people spoke one or more of hundreds of separate languages, with lifestyles and cultural traditions that differed according to the region in which they lived. Then in February 1942, the Japanese began air raids on Darwin.

It was rare for settlers to be prosecuted for killing Indigenous Australians.

Bligh forbade this.

The Europeans came to drive the indigenous people off their land. In 1949 the National Citizenship Act made Australians no longer citizens of the UK and colonies but citizens of Australia. Indigenous Australians claimed that the island of Mer belonged to them and not to the crown.

Resentment grew and on 17 October 1854, the Eureka Hotel was burned. It has a large mountain range that runs down its east coast. Meanwhile the 1854 Eureka Rebellion occurred. Transportation to New South Wales ended in 1840. In 1977 following a referendum Advance Australia Fair became the national anthem.

A second rebellion, the rum rebellion occurred in 1808. In September 2018, the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative partnered with Australia to investigate working with civil society to improve human rights. In 1872 an overland telegraph was made from Darwin to Adelaide.

Treatment of Indigenous Australians improved. Over 25 years 16 dams were built, 12 tunnels, and 7 power stations. Settlement of prospectors during the gold rushes in Australia. However, after that year, things got better and by the late 1930s unemployment had fallen to about 10%.

Australia's history.

Australia is a co-champion of the Blue Charter Action Group on Coral Reef Protection and Restoration, alongside Belize and Mauritius.

A court finally overturned the doctrine of 'terra nullius', the idea that Australia did not belong to anybody when the Europeans arrived. During the Age of Exploration, the land was discovered and mapped by many Europeans including the Spanish, Dutch and English. However, they continued to die of disease and in 1847 the few survivors were allowed back onto Tasmania. Brief Overview of the History of Australia Australia was first inhabited perhaps 40,000 years ago by aboriginal peoples.