[68] Thus, the parliament in Ireland was abolished and replaced by a united parliament at Westminster in London, though resistance remained, as evidenced by Robert Emmet's failed Irish Rebellion of 1803. In 1172, Pope Alexander III further encouraged Henry to advance the integration of the Irish Church with Rome. As of 2006[update], 4.3 million Canadians, or 14% of the population, were of Irish descent,[164] while around one-third of the Australian population had an element of Irish descent. [43] The same chronicle records that Saint Patrick, Ireland's best known patron saint, arrived the following year. In 2010, Graeme McDowell became the first Irish golfer to win the U.S. Open, and the first European to win that tournament since 1970. [93][94][95], In the late 1960s, nationalist grievances were aired publicly in mass civil rights protests, which were often confronted by loyalist counter-protests. Amazon rainforest is half the size of Sahara desert. If you are 13 years old when were you born? – In the 20th century, Ireland produced four winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature: George Bernard Shaw, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett and Seamus Heaney. Achill Island lies off the coast of County Mayo and is Ireland's largest island. [165] As of 2013[update], there were 40 million Irish-Americans[166] and 33 million Americans who claimed Irish ancestry. thank you! Thx :), OMG this totally helped with geography homework! [8][9] In Europe, the average woodland cover is over 33%. [66][67] Local gentry and charitable organisations provided relief but could do little to prevent the ensuing mortality.[66][67]. United States Census Bureau. The government is headed by a prime minister, the Taoiseach, who is appointed by the President on the nomination of the lower house of parliament, the Dáil. The Ulster plantations gave it a permanent foothold in Ulster, and it remained the official and upper-class language elsewhere, the Irish-speaking chieftains and nobility having been deposed. from England and Wales. [21] According to John T. Koch and others, Ireland in the Late Bronze Age was part of a maritime trading-network culture called the Atlantic Bronze Age that also included Britain, western France and Iberia, and that this is where Celtic languages developed. Gaelic football is the most popular sport in Ireland in terms of match attendance and community involvement, with about 2,600 clubs on the island. [112], Dublin is the most heavily touristed region[111] and home to several of the most popular attractions such as the Guinness Storehouse and Book of Kells. . [7] Remnants of native forest can be found scattered around the island, in particular in the Killarney National Park. [42], The Chronicle of Ireland records that in 431, Bishop Palladius arrived in Ireland on a mission from Pope Celestine I to minister to the Irish "already believing in Christ". [173], There is now a network of urban Irish speakers in both the Republic and Northern Ireland, especially in Dublin and Belfast,[citation needed] with the children of such Irish speakers sometimes attending Irish-medium schools (Gaelscoil). [107], There are three World Heritage Sites on the island: the Brú na Bóinne, Skellig Michael and the Giant's Causeway. W This control was consolidated during the wars and conflicts of the 17th century, including the English and Scottish colonisation in the Plantations of Ireland, the Wars of the Three Kingdoms and the Williamite War. This ecosystem stretches across the countryside and acts as a network of connections to preserve remnants of the ecosystem that once covered the island.