A serve (or, more formally, a service) in tennis is a shot to start a point.

The second serve is usually more conservative to avoid getting a double fault, and is typically hit with less power or a higher curve.

However, if you understand the process, the change is not that daunting. Once you start controlling your slice serve, it is time to start working on a kick serve.

In other words, the ball is not really rotating in any direction, which makes the serve fast but with a small margin for error. When hit correctly, the ball clears the net in a high arc with heavy topspin, causing the ball to dive into the service box.

1st & 2nd serve. The faster you swing the better. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The curve of a good slice serve can draw the receiver 10 feet (3.0 m) wide of the singles sideline to play the ball.

The receiver would have to hit an aggressive, probably difficult return to keep the server from hitting the next shot as an easy winner into the open court.

As a matter of fact, swinging fast is the magic ingredient in every effective spin serve. Of course, aiming at different parts of the ball will only work if your serving fundamentals and technique are correct. The rules make no distinction between the first and second serve.

Learning to serve with spin is an important goal for any serious tennis player. Point of contact lower and farther to the right than on a topspin-slice serve. A pat-a-cake serve is a serve in which the racket is not swung behind the head (as in a proper serve). Let – a serve is called a let when the ball hits the net cord but still lands in the service court. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. A ball that hits the net cord but lands outside the service box is still a fault.

On clay, its sideward bounce is greatly reduced.

When the ball bounces, it skids and curves farther leftward.

If you are still having problems spinning the ball, the following video will help. The lack of topspin in this serve limits its margin of clearance over the net, so it is usually hit at less than 75% the speed of a topspin-slice serve, and it is too risky to make sense as a second serve. However, if a server releases the ball but does not attempt to hit it, there is no fault and the server may repeat the service attempt. Another very important aspect of an effective kick or slice serve is racquet acceleration. This video will help you progress from a slice serve to a kick serve. [citation needed] Play stops immediately, and the server is allowed another attempt.

It is commonly hit with the Continental grip or the Eastern backhand grip (using the forehand face of the racket). This is where using the wrist correctly will really help.

If there have been two faults on this point, the point is awarded to the receiver: this is known as a double fault.

The heavy slice serve as shown here has nearly pure sidespin, generated by striking the ball from its center toward what would be its 3:00 position if it were a clock face.

After enough practice you will know how to hit a great slice serve and kick serve. In children's tennis, young children may be encouraged to use the underhand serve on 36 feet (11 m) courts. However, in 1997 men's division 1 tennis rules have been modified to play all lets. This video shows good slice serve technique in slow motion. If the ball fails to clear the net, or bounces anywhere other than the cross-court service box, it is a fault. There is nothing more important to spin on the serve than using the continental grip. Service winner – a serve that is touched by the opponent, but not returned. After a fault, play stops immediately.

Since the server has the advantage of being the initial aggressor, for his opponent to return the ball and to keep it in play often involves the defensive endeavor of minimizing the opponent's advantage.

Normally players begin a serve by tossing the ball into the air and hitting it (usually near the highest point of the toss). Upper arm not as vertical as on topspin-slice serve, because swing will be somewhat less upward and more to the right.

The term is usually employed belittlingly. Unclassified cookies are cookies that we are in the process of classifying, together with the providers of individual cookies.

A player, who tosses the ball and then decides not to hit it, is allowed to catch the ball with the hand or the racket, or to let the ball bounce. If there has been only one fault on this point, the server is then allowed another attempt.

Without the sidespin-induced curving in the air, it would have landed at least two feet farther right.

In professional and amateur tennis, the reverse slice serve is rarely used except as a novelty. You can see how the racquet moves from left to right through contact to create spin the ball.

Therefore, it is generally used as a first serve.

At elite level, Venus Williams had used semi-open stance to serve in the past (she went back to use traditional closed stance and stayed to the old way currently).

The Correct Grip for a Kick Serve or Slice Serve (Start Here), The Secret to Mastering the Kick Serve and Slice Serve, Comparing Forehands with Swing-path Animation. Advantages Natural to hit: If you’re using the continental service grip, then the slice serve is likely the serve you’ll find most natural hitting based on the contact point and angle of the racquet used, which we’ll discuss below. The primary difference between these three important tennis serves, is the spins.

We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The heavy slice serve curves to the left (from the perspective of a right-handed server) in the air, and on hard courts and grass, it also takes a pronounced, skidding left turn on the bounce. Second serves often have more topspin and kick on the ball. Such a serve is not considered a fault and the server may repeat the service attempt.

The pinpoint serve provides better velocity, since the feet come together as a single unit, allowing them to push harder against the ground and gain more leg power.

Correct technique on the kick serve includes the right stance, toss, knee bend, power position, and wrist acceleration. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience.

For the first point of any game, the server stands to the right of the center point of the baseline and serves diagonally across the net to the left side (from the server's perspective) of the court, into the service box which extends to the service line about midway into the opponent's court. [clarification needed]. The physics of the spinning ball in flight involves the Magnus effect because the spinning ball creates a whirlpool of air around itself. An attempt at a serve may result in one of the following outcomes: A good serve occurs when a legally delivered ball lands in the cross-court service box or on any line bounding it without touching anything in flight. This provides the server with a very large margin for error with high net clearance, an ideal way to hit a second serve. Learning to spin the serve takes time and the improvement may not show right away. Is this a fault?

It may be used as a synonym for the twist serve or the American twist. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Players normally serve overhead, however serving underhand is allowed. What is the Difference Between a Flat, Slice, and Kick Serve? If performed exceptionally, it can completely change the direction of the ball movement away from the other player, although this requires a very strong and flexible back. For a very long time, the use of an open stance to serve had been regarded as a sign of tennis beginner. In the game of tennis, there are four commonly used serves: the "flat serve", the "slice serve", the "kick serve", and the "underhand serve". The reason many players don’t know how to hit a kick serve or slice serve is that serving with spin takes slightly different technique than a flat serve, along with lots of practice and patience. Foot fault – a fault caused by the server stepping on or across his base line or the center line before striking the ball with his racquet. Victoria Azarenka prepares to serve at the 2009 French Open.

Learn how and when to remove this template message, "French Open Underarm serves revive memories of Chang's cheeky shot", "How to improve your tennis serve and other tips to make you court-ready", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0Xq7m3sagE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=llcFOZMQ72Y, "How To Serve in Tennis (4 commonly used techniques)", "Aussie smashes tennis serve speed record", "Career Aces On All Surfaces From All Countries", "Serena taken to 3 sets, wins 5th Wimbledon", "Kristyna Pliskova Breaks WTA Ace Record in Loss to Puig", "Who Had the Fastest Serve in Women's Tennis? Pete Sampras is considered by many to have the greatest serve in the history of men's tennis.

{"cart_token":"","hash":"","cart_data":""}. For a limited time you can have Lifetime access to our Education Library, containing more than 1500 clips for only $99, a 75 percent discount. Photo Tennis Lesson: How to Hit the Heavy Slice Serve. A slice serve is hit with sidespin, which requires the server to brush the back of the ball toward their dominant side with the racket. If the ball is spinning, you are on the way to a great slice serve. Things have changed in recent years.

The heavy slice serve as shown here has nearly pure sidespin, generated by striking the ball from its center toward what would be its 3:00 position if it were a clock face.